FAUNA ANDEAN PATAGONIA
Patagonia, in general, displays a very rich fauna. In the high Andean sector the presence of the majestic condor is outstanding, and during the summer this is a key refuge for the threatened "huemul" or Andean deer.
In the rain forest and transition forest area, the presence of mammals like the "pudú", the "huiña" cat, and the friendly "monito de monte" (scrub monkey) is noticeable. Amphibians and birds like the Black-bodied Woodpecker, the Chucao Tapaculo, the Thorn-tailed Rayadito and the Burrowing Parrot are easily found in this region.
The steppe, in spite of its barrenness, is apt for guanacos, foxes, pumas and several species of small lizards and rodents that find here a favorable place to grow.
Further south, the fauna in Tierra del Fuego is rich in marine birds and not so much in terrestrial mammals. The Fueguian fox, the guanaco, the red stag, the rabbit and the beaver are outstanding.
You can also find terrestrial animals like the Patagonian hare or "mara", the puma, the "huemul" and sheep of various breeds: Rommey Marsh (brought from England in the XIX century, with abundant and fine fleece), Australian Merino (found in Río Negro and Chubut), Argentinean Merino (found in Río Negro and Santa Cruz), Corriedale (brought from New Zealand, it is found in Tierra del Fuego and Santa Cruz), Lincoln (found in Neuquén, Río Negro and Chubut), and Karabul.
It is worth mentioning that this region offers the best territories for exotic big-game hunting species. Among the autochthonous species, we can mention: "pecarí labiado", "pecarí de collar", "chancho cimarrón", "carpincho", puma, ostrich, "corzuela", tapir and guanaco.
As regards small-game hunting animals, the European hare, introduced in the XIX century, stands out. There are also autochthonous species like partridges, ducks and tinamous.
Sport-hunting is allowed in fall and winter. However, it is advisable to resort to the corresponding national or provincial tourist offices in order to get information about official opening and closing dates for the season.
In the National Parks areas, hunting of autochthonous species is forbidden, although sometimes one may find hunting reserves within the National Parks where it is possible to hunt animals like the wild boar and the red stag.
In private hunting reserves, generally found in big ranches, hunters may find specialized guides and picturesque bungalows to stay.
The fishing season in southern Patagonian lakes and streams begins in spring and lasts until the beginning of fall. Trouts are highly valued, and numerous foreign tourists come to this area especially to fish them and also, to enjoy the spectacular landscape they can contemplate.
Undoubtedly, trout and salmon are the most popular varieties. The outstanding ones are the "salmón encerrado", the "rainbow trout", the "stream-trout" or "salmonada", the "trucha criolla" or perch, and the brown trout.
In the Patagonian forests sector, the fauna is quite homogeneous. It is populated by several species whose survival is seriously threatened, such as the "huemul", the "pudú", the "huiña" cat and the "huillín", an otter indigenous of the area.
The greater predators are the puma and the red fox, and among the rapacious birds, the Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle and the friendly Black-bodied Woodpecker are noticeable, besides a small marsupial known as "monito de monte" (scrub monkey).